#Cyberspace #security as a guarantee of #Spanish integrity

Spain approved a new Security Strategy which replaced the earlier Strategy 2013. The fundamental difference is the key element nowadays is countering disinformation.
It is symbolic that this document was approved only a few days before the official start of the election campaign in Catalonia. The authors of this Strategy refer to the “regime of posttruth” – a phenomenon in which objective facts in the formation of public opinion pale into insignificance, giving way to the dominant role of emotions.
The Spanish government declared that there was a hybrid war in the world and nowadays any attempts to influence public conscience cannot be considered as one-time actions. Intervention in elections through the media and social networks, as they say in the document, is combined with cyber attacks, economic pressure and traditional use of force. The consequences of this “hybrid war” the Strategy authors call the victory of Donald Trump in the US elections and “Brexit”.
It is not pronounced officially, but most experts are confident that it is about protection against Russian “hackers”. Let me remind you that on November 10, Spanish Foreign Minister Alfonso Dastis  stated that he had “quite conflicting information” that a group of Russian hackers using fake accounts in social networks is actively working to “destabilize” the situation in Spain and the EU as a whole. The next day, El Pais published the results of a study by the University of George Washington (USA). Its authors conclude that RT and Sputnik used thousands of accounts in social networks to create a negative image of Spain before and after the independence referendum held in Catalonia on October 1. For example, almost half of the news of autonomy concerned the brutality of the Spanish police during this period.
As a first step in the context of this Strategy, the Spanish Defense Minister María Dolores de Cospedal invited the Security Commission in the Lower House of Parliament to create a working group consisting of deputies and editors.
No specific evidence of Russian interference in the Catalan referendum was presented. However, this does not mean that it was not. Expressing my own opinion, I want to note that this measure is correct and the Spanish government must protect the population of its country from external influence. Maybe, it should have been done earlier. After all, let’s not forget that apart from the Catalan separatism there is a Basque separatism. And there is an opinion that from the French Basques there is a certain influence on the Spanish Basques in order to create an unified state as a result.