Continúan los escándalos en Europa por la crisis migratoria

La crisis migratoria se convierte en unas controversias entre los países de la Unión Europea.
Los días 8 y 9 de octubre en Lyon (Francia) los ministros de Interior de los 6 mayores países de la UE (G6) (Alemania, Francia, España, Italia, Gran Bretaña y Polonia) participaron en una reunión, la agenda de la cual fue la crisis migratoria. Sin duda, querría mucho resolver este problema una vez para siempre. Pero al parecer, no esta vez.
El primer día de la reunión podemos ver las tensiones entre los participantes de la cumbre. El vicepresidente del Gobierno italiano y ministro del Interior, el ultraderechista Matteo Salvini, consideró el lunes que España se estuvo quedando sola en su política migratoria y se preguntó “cuánto tiempo podrá aguantar a un ritmo de llegadas de 700 inmigrantes clandestinos al día”.
Además el gobierno italiano intenta renunciar a la acogida de los refugiados y modificar los tratados de la inmigración. Matteo Salvini amenaza con cerrar los aeropuertos a los refugiados que regresan de Alemania. A pesar del tratado de Dublín que permite reenviar a los inmigrantes ilegales al país por el que entraron en la Unión Europea. Por otra parte, a mediados de septiembre el ministro del Interior alemán, Horst Seehofer, dijo que se había llegado a un acuerdo con Italia para devolución de solicitantes de asilo que se encuentran en la frontera de Alemania con Italia. Pero hasta la fecha este tratado no se ha firmado y, tal vez, no se firme.
Pero aún así, Francia está tratando de convencer a Italia de abandonar su “política de puertas cerradas”. El primer ministro francés, Edouard Philippe, le alienta a Matteo Salvini a que comience a trabajando en “la posición común de la Unión Europea” al asunto de la acogida de los inmigrantes. Probablemente, esto no funcione. Ya que todos recordamos el reciente conflicto entre Salvini y la administración del presidente francés, E.Macrón. A fines de agosto, Salvini criticó duramente a Macrón, calificándolo de “hipócrita” por rechazar a los inmigrantes mientras pontifica a otras naciones sobre la política de “fronteras abiertas”. Y agregó: ¿Es esta la Europa solidaria y que acoge de la que habla Macrón y los buenistas? Antes de dar las lecciones a los demás, invitaría al hipócrita presidente francés a reabrir sus fronteras y acoger a los miles de refugiados que había prometido recibir”.
En su torno, en junio el líder francés acusó a Salvini de “cinismo e irresponsabilidad”, después de que Italia decidiera cerrar sus puertos a los barcos de rescate humanitarios en el Mediterráneo. La semana pasada el ayudante de Macrón le acusó a Salvini que éste vivía de la crisis migratoria y bloqueaba todos los intentos de elaborar una política migratoria común de la UE.
Sin embargo, no puede decirse que Salvini no tiene aliados en París. Antes de viajar a Lyon, se reunió en Roma con la jefe del Frente Nacional, Marine Le Pen, quien había llegado a la conferencia sobre el Crecimiento económico y las perspectivas sociales en Europa de las naciones. La líder francesa de los ultraderechistas decidió unirse con Salvini para ganar las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo en mayo de 2019. Juntos pretenden llevar a cabo una ” la revolución del buen sentido” en la Unión Europea.
Hay que reconocer que la crisis migratoria está lejos de resolverse en casi todos los países de Europa. Y cada día éste solamente agudiza. Diariamente miles de refugiados de Oriente Medio y África penetran en la Europa próspera en busca de la vida mejor y más cómoda. Algunos países de la Unión Europea ya están tratando de resistir activamente, construyendo las cercas altas con alambre espinoso. Sin embargo, estos obstáculos ya no pueden detener los flujos migratorios.
Y no me gustaría que la crisis migratoria estuviera fuera de control y dañara de alguna manera a la comunidad europea, y finalmente, condujera a una división de la Unión Europea…

EU policy can lead to the collapse of the whole system or why the EU needs the countries of the Western Balkans?

The European Union, concerned by the crises, decided to take an unexpected step – the integration of the Western Balkans. The EU seeks to complete the unification of Europe by 2025 through the integration of six states: Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo. The president of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker made such a statement the other day. Although the official website of the European Commission refers only to the real EU accession of Montenegro and Serbia, if they comply with all the requirements for EU membership.
It is still unclear why Brussels is dragging into the EU countries that are not completely ready and economically backward?!
The European Commission believes that the integration of the Western Balkans into the EU meets the political and economic interests of the European Union. And the idea of ​​constant expansion is laid down in the EU philosophy. But I would like to recall that to join the European Union new countries need unanimous support of all its members, some of them seriously doubt that the EU will benefit from this integration of poor and troubled Balkan countries. As the EU has got enough troubles already… And earlier the dictatorship of Brussels, Berlin and Paris dominated in the Union, now it is increasingly failing. In Eastern and Central Europe, there were “dissident countries” led by Hungary and Poland, who can say “no.” The Czech Republic and Slovakia also clearly will not want to sit in Brussels next to representatives of Albania or Kosovo. In the Balkan countries, there have always been and now there are internal conflicts, as a result of which there may be a conflict already within the EU.
In addition, after the expansion of the Balkan countries, the funds, whose task is to redistribute funds in order to equalize the economies of the backward members, will be seriously reduced. As a result, there will be a decrease in revenues due to the withdrawal of Britain, and a change in the structure of the cost. The rich countries of the European Union, such as Germany, France, the Netherlands or Sweden, will now have to pay even more contributions to the EU overall budget, from which the EU structural funds spent on economic development of poorer EU countries like Romania, Hungary or Lithuania. And what will happen to the EU economy if even poorer countries join it?! I think that it will just collapse. After all, rich countries clearly do not like this situation.
The implementation of the large-scale project, drafted by Juncker, together with additional transformations, suggests that by 2025 the European Union will again claim the role of one of political centers of the world. Nevertheless, taking into account corruption, criminality and the state of the market economy of the Western Balkan countries, they will definitely not be ready to join the Union by 2025. As a result, this project is unlikely to materialize. Still I would like to see Europe strong and safe!
In conclusion, I would like to say that the integration of the Balkan countries into the European Union will now simply lead to the collapse of the EU. The fact is that the situation in Europe is so sad … The European Union is already on the verge of collapse. And the accession of such backward and ruined countries will simply accelerate its disintegration. It is believed that the EU is a bastion of well-being, but it turns out that lately only economically backward, corrupt and poor countries are trying to get it.

#Cyberspace #security as a guarantee of #Spanish integrity

Spain approved a new Security Strategy which replaced the earlier Strategy 2013. The fundamental difference is the key element nowadays is countering disinformation.
It is symbolic that this document was approved only a few days before the official start of the election campaign in Catalonia. The authors of this Strategy refer to the “regime of posttruth” – a phenomenon in which objective facts in the formation of public opinion pale into insignificance, giving way to the dominant role of emotions.
The Spanish government declared that there was a hybrid war in the world and nowadays any attempts to influence public conscience cannot be considered as one-time actions. Intervention in elections through the media and social networks, as they say in the document, is combined with cyber attacks, economic pressure and traditional use of force. The consequences of this “hybrid war” the Strategy authors call the victory of Donald Trump in the US elections and “Brexit”.
It is not pronounced officially, but most experts are confident that it is about protection against Russian “hackers”. Let me remind you that on November 10, Spanish Foreign Minister Alfonso Dastis  stated that he had “quite conflicting information” that a group of Russian hackers using fake accounts in social networks is actively working to “destabilize” the situation in Spain and the EU as a whole. The next day, El Pais published the results of a study by the University of George Washington (USA). Its authors conclude that RT and Sputnik used thousands of accounts in social networks to create a negative image of Spain before and after the independence referendum held in Catalonia on October 1. For example, almost half of the news of autonomy concerned the brutality of the Spanish police during this period.
As a first step in the context of this Strategy, the Spanish Defense Minister María Dolores de Cospedal invited the Security Commission in the Lower House of Parliament to create a working group consisting of deputies and editors.
No specific evidence of Russian interference in the Catalan referendum was presented. However, this does not mean that it was not. Expressing my own opinion, I want to note that this measure is correct and the Spanish government must protect the population of its country from external influence. Maybe, it should have been done earlier. After all, let’s not forget that apart from the Catalan separatism there is a Basque separatism. And there is an opinion that from the French Basques there is a certain influence on the Spanish Basques in order to create an unified state as a result.